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A Hybrid System to Stimulate Selfish Nodes to Cooperate in Vehicular Delay-Tolerant Networks

Dias, João A. F. F. Dias ; Rodrigues, J. R. ; Kumar, N. K. ; Mavromoustakis, C. M.

A Hybrid System to Stimulate Selfish Nodes to Cooperate in Vehicular Delay-Tolerant Networks, Proc IEEE International Conference on Communications - ICC , London, United Kingdom, Vol. -, pp. 5910 - 5915, June, 2015.

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/ICC.2015.7249264

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Abstract
In the last decade vehicular communications have been the focus of research, not only by the related scientific community but also by the automotive industry. Several architectures were proposed in order to overcome some issues found in such networks. Vehicular Delay-Tolerant Networks (VDTNs) try to improve vehicular communications by deploying the Delay-Tolerant Networks (DTNs) store-carry-and-forward model and assuming the bundle layer placement under the network layer. Although all the improvements already achieved by VDTNs, there are still several challenges that must be overcome. One of these challenges is how to stimulate nodes to cooperate and minimize the impact of misbehavior nodes on the network performance. A node may be unwilling to cooperate due to a selfish behavior or to save its own resources from being compromised. To detect, isolate, and exclude this type of nodes a reputation system with different mechanisms (allowing to punish selfish nodes in different ways) was implemented in VDTNs. This paper adapts the already proposed reputation system to perform together with a hybrid system, which main goal is to incentive selfish nodes to share their resources with others, instead of immediately excluding them from the network. With the proposal of this hybrid system, two incentive mechanisms were also created. Across all the experiments, it was shown that by incentive selfish nodes to cooperate contributes to an increase of the overall network performance, when compared to approach that excludes them immediately from the network.