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IoAT Enabled Smart Farming: Urdu Language-Based Solution for Low-Literate Farmers

Pires, I.M.P. ; Cheema, S. ; Ali, M. ; Gonçalves, N. ; Naqvi, M. ; Hassan, M.

agriculture (switzerland) Vol. 12, Nº 8, pp. 1277 - 1277, August, 2022.

ISSN (print): 2077-0472
ISSN (online):

Scimago Journal Ranking: 0,53 (in 2021)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.3390/agriculture12081277

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Abstract
The agriculture sector is the backbone of Pakistan’s economy, reflecting 26% of its GPD and 43% of the entire labor force. Smart and precise agriculture is the key to producing the best crop yield. Moreover, emerging technologies are reducing energy consumption and cost-effectiveness for saving agricultural resources in control and monitoring systems, especially for those areas lack-ing these resources. Agricultural productivity is thwarted in many areas of Pakistan due to farm-ers’ illiteracy, lack of a smart system for remote access to farmland, and an absence of proactive decision-making in all phases of the crop cycle available in their native language. This study proposes an internet of agricultural things (IoAT) based smart system armed with a set of eco-nomical, accessible devices and sensors to capture real-time parameters of farms such as soil moisture level, temperature, soil pH level, light intensity, and humidity on frequent intervals of time. The system analyzes the environmental parameters of specific farms and enables the farm-ers to understand soil and environmental factors, facilitating farmers in terms of soil fertility analysis, suitable crop cultivation, automated irrigation and guidelines, harvest schedule, pest and weed control, crop disease awareness, and fertilizer guidance. The system is integrated with an android application ‘Kistan Pakistan’ (prototype) designed in bilingual, i.e. ‘Urdu’ and ‘Eng-lish’. The mobile application is equipped with visual components, audio, voice, and iconic and textual menus to be used by diverse literary levels of farmers.