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A Dynamic Dual-Rate Beacon Scheduling Method of ZigBee/IEEE 802.15.4 for Target Tracking

Chen, Shantao Chen ; Almeida, L. ; Wang, Zhi Wang

A Dynamic Dual-Rate Beacon Scheduling Method of ZigBee/IEEE 802.15.4 for Target Tracking, Proc International Conference on Mobile Ad-hoc and Sensor Networks MSN, Hangzhou, China, Vol. ., pp. . - ., December, 2010.

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Abstract
ZigBee/IEEE 802.15.4 beacon-enabled mode allows low duty-cycle operation with high energy saving in the wireless sensor network. However, low duty cycles introduce higher end-to-end delay in event propagation and generally
lower reactivity of the network with respect to the actual sensing. In target tracking systems, both qualities should be satisfied, namely, low energy consumption while no target is being tracked and low end-to-end delay in target tracking mode. Hence, we need to define a trade-off between the energy
consumption and the end-to-end delay. In this paper, we propose a dynamic dual-rate beacon scheduling method with two rate switching schemes modifying ZigBee/IEEE 802.15.4 to enhance its real-time property but still maintain the advantage of low energy consumption. We evaluate our scheme through a simulation using the OPNET simulator. The results show that
our scheme exhibits low energy consumption while presenting reduced end-to-end delay, outperforming usual single rate working modes.