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SLFS: Semi-supervised Light-field Foreground-background Segmentation

Hamad, M. ; Conti, C. ; Almeida, M. ; Nunes, P. ; Soares, L. D.

SLFS: Semi-supervised Light-field Foreground-background Segmentation, Proc Conference on Telecommunications - ConfTele, Leiria, Portugal, Vol. , pp. - , February, 2021.

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/ConfTELE50222.2021.9435461

Efficient segmentation is a fundamental problem in computer vision and image processing. Achieving accurate segmentation for 4D light field images is a challenging task due to the huge amount of data involved and the intrinsic redundancy in this type of images. While automatic image segmentation is usually challenging, and because regions of interest are different for different users or tasks, this paper proposes an improved semi-supervised segmentation approach for 4D light field images based on an efficient graph structure and user’s scribbles. The recent view-consistent 4D light field superpixels algorithm proposed by Khan et al. is used as an automatic pre-processing step to ensure spatio-angular consistency and to represent the image graph efficiently. Then, segmentation is achieved via graph-cut optimization. Experimental results for synthetic and real light field images indicate that the proposed approach can extract objects consistently across views, and thus it can be used in applications such as augmented reality applications or object-based coding with few user interactions.