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Three Levels Network Analysis for Anomaly Detection

Zarpelão, B. Z. ; Proença, M. P. ; Mendes, L. M. ; Rodrigues, J. R.

Three Levels Network Analysis for Anomaly Detection, Proc IEEE International Conf. on Software, Telecommunications and Computer Networks - SoftCOM, Split – Hvar – Korcula, Croatia, Vol. CD, pp. - - -, September, 2009.

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Anomaly detection is fundamental to ensure reliability and security in computer networks. In this work, it is proposed an anomaly detection system that monitors the network in three different levels. In the first one, data is collected from Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) objects and compared to profiles of normal traffic, in order to detect behavior changes. Second level of analysis includes a dependency graph that represents the relationships between SNMP objects. It is used to analyze first level alerts, confirming the occurrence of anomalies in device level. In the third level of analysis, second level alerts are grouped according to network topology information, and network administrators are informed about the context where the anomaly occurred. Tests were performed in a real network environment and good results were obtained.