Measurement-Assisted Quantum Communication in Spin Channels with Dephasing
New Journal of Physics Vol. 17, Nº 103041, pp. . - ., October, 2015.
ISSN (print): 1367-2630
Journal Impact Factor: 3,558 (in 2014)
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1088/1367-2630/17/10/103041
We propose a protocol for countering the effects of dephasing in quantum state transfer over a noisy spin channel weakly coupled to the sender and receiver qubits. Our protocol, based on performing regular global measurements on the channel, significantly suppresses the nocuous environmental effects and offers much higher fidelities than the traditional no-measurement approach. Our proposal can also operate as a robust two-qubit entangling gate over distant spins. Our scheme counters any source of dephasing, including those for which the well established dynamical decoupling approach fails. Our protocol is probabilistic, given the intrinsic randomness in quantum measurements, but its success probability can be maximized by adequately tuning the rate of the measurements.