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QoS-Aware Energy Management in Body Sensor Nodes Powered by Human Energy Harvesting

Rodrigues, J. R.

IEEE Sensors Journal Vol. 16, Nº 2, pp. 542 - 549, January, 2016.

ISSN (print): 1530-437X
ISSN (online):

Journal Impact Factor: 1,610 (in 2008)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/JSEN.2015.2483064

Abstract
Harvesting energy in the human environment has been identified as an effective way to charge the body sensor nodes in wireless body area networks (WBANs). In such networks, the capability of the nodes to detect events is of vital importance and complements the stringent quality of service (QoS) demands in terms of delay, throughput, and packet loss. However, the scarce energy collected by human motions, along with the strict requirements of vital health signals in terms of QoS, raises important challenges for WBANs and stresses the need for new integrated QoS-aware energy management schemes. In this paper, we propose a joint power- QoS (PEH-QoS) control scheme, composed of three modules that interact in order to make optimal use of energy and achieve the best possible QoS. The proposed scheme ensures that a sensor node is able to detect the medical events and transmit the respective data packets efficiently. Extensive simulations, conducted for different human activities (i.e., relaxing, walking, running, and cycling), have shown that the application of PEH-QoS in a medical node increases the detection efficiency, the throughput, and the energy efficiency of the system.