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Effect of acceleration on localized fermionic Gaussian states: From vacuum entanglement to maximally entangled states

Richter, B. ; Lorek, K,L. ; Dragan, A. D ; Omar, Y.

Physical Review D Vol. 95, Nº 076004, pp. 0 - 0, April, 2017.

ISSN (print): 2470-0010
ISSN (online): 2470-0029

Journal Impact Factor: 5,050 (in 2008)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevD.95.076004

We study the effects of acceleration on fermionic Gaussian states of localized modes of a Dirac field. We consider two wave-packets in a Gaussian state and transform these to an accelerated frame of reference. In particular, we formulate the action of this transformation as a fermionic quantum channel. Having developed the general framework for fermions, we then investigate the entanglement of the vacuum, as well as the entanglement in Bell states. We find that with increasing acceleration vacuum entanglement increases, while the entanglement of Bell states decreases. Notably, our results have an immediate operational meaning given the localization of the modes.