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Social Network Analysis applied in Children: Cooperation games versus cooperation-opposition games

Santos, A. ; Clemente, F.M.C. ; Sanchez, J. ; Campos, F. ; Mendes, R. ; Martins, F.

Journal of Physical Education and Sport Vol. 18, Nº 2, pp. 1 - 8, December, 2018.

ISSN (print): 1582-8131
ISSN (online): 2066-2483

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Abstract
In order to study the effect of cooperative and competitive games in children’s interactions, 10 preschool children (5 to 6 year olds) were monitored over a 1-month period. The interactions between peers were quantified and analyzed in different games, through Social Network Analysis. Results suggest a significant correlation between a cooperative environment and a more connected and balanced passing network, less dependent on a given player, and more focused on the goal at hand. This research indicates that a cooperative environment can optimize and enhance the interactions between children, creating a stronger, more functional and more connected network.
Key Words: Children; cooperative; cooperative – opposition; interactions; games.