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Boltzmann–Gibbs states in topological quantum walks and associated many-body systems: fidelity and Uhlmann parallel transport analysis of phase transitions

Mera, B. ; Vlachou, C. V. ; Paunkovic, N. ; Vieira, V.

Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical Vol. 50, Nº 36, pp. 365302 - 365302-17, August, 2017.

ISSN (print): 1751-8113
ISSN (online): 1751-8121

Journal Impact Factor: 1,577 (in 2009)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1088/1751-8121/aa820e

Abstract
We perform the fidelity analysis for Boltzmann–Gibbs-like states in order to investigate whether the topological order of 1D fermionic systems at zero temperature is maintained at finite temperatures. We use quantum walk protocols that are known to simulate topological phases and the respective quantum phase transitions for chiral symmetric Hamiltonians. Using the standard approaches of the fidelity analysis and the study of edge states, we conclude that no thermal-like phase transitions occur as temperature increases, i.e. the topological behaviour is washed out gradually. We also show that the behaviour of the Uhlmann geometric factor associated to the considered fidelity exhibits the same behaviour as the latter, thus confirming the results obtained using the previously established approaches.