PortoLivingLab: an IoT-based Sensing Platform for Smart Cities
; Lourenço, TFSL
; d´Orey, P. M.
; Rojo, Y.
; Rocha, C.
; Sousa, S.
; Queirós, C. Q.
; Barros, J.
IEEE Internet of Things Journal Vol. 5, Nº 2, pp. 523 - 532, April, 2018.
ISSN (print): 2327-4662
Journal Impact Factor: 7,596 (in 2016)
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/JIOT.2018.2791522
Smart cities aim to improve the citizens’ quality of life by leveraging information about urban scale processes extracted from heterogeneous data sources collected on city-wide deployments. The Internet-of-Things (IoT) is, thus, the enabler of smart city technologies at urban scale. In this paper, we present PortoLivingLab, a multi-source sensing infrastructure that leverages IoT technology to achieve city-scale sensing of four phenomena: weather, environment, public transport and people flows. To sense these processes on a city scale, we deployed a vehicular network with 600+ vehicles and 19 static environmental sensors. We also developed an easily re-configurable crowdsensing platform and carried out several crowdsensing campaigns with more than 600 participants. The data is collected in a common backend and stored using similar spatio-temporal data models to simplify sharing and joint analysis for the characterization of urban dynamics. We describe the architecture and composing elements of PortoLivingLab, highlighting the IoT technologies, and challenges faced. We present several proof-of-concept use cases (e.g., passenger flows from WiFi connections) that provide new insights into different components of an evolving and moving city. Finally, we lay out the future lines of work that will strive for finding hidden phenomena by leveraging data from the three complementary platforms.