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Dynamical phase transitions at finite temperature from fidelity and interferometric Loschmidt echo induced metrics

Mera, B. ; Vlachou, C. V. ; Paunkovic, N. ; Vieira, V. ; Viyuela, O.

Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics Vol. 97, Nº 9, pp. 094110-1 - 094110-15, March, 2018.

ISSN (print): 1098-0121
ISSN (online):

Journal Impact Factor: 3,736 (in 2014)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevB.97.094110

Abstract
We study finite-temperature dynamical quantum phase transitions (DQPTs) by means of the fidelity and the interferometric Loschmidt echo (LE) induced metrics. We analyze the associated dynamical susceptibilities (Riemannian metrics), and derive analytic expressions for the case of two-band Hamiltonians. At zero temperature, the two quantities are identical, nevertheless, at finite temperatures they behave very differently. Using the fidelity LE, the zero-temperature DQPTs are gradually washed away with temperature, while the interferometric counterpart exhibits finite-temperature phase transitions. We analyze the physical differences between the two finite-temperature LE generalizations, and argue that, while the interferometric one is more sensitive and can therefore provide more information when applied to genuine quantum (microscopic) systems, when analyzing many-body macroscopic systems, the fidelity-based counterpart is a more suitable quantity to study. Finally, we apply the previous results to two representative models of topological insulators in one and two dimensions.