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Towards energy-aware fog-enabled cloud of things for healthcare

Mahmoud, M. M. E. M. ; Rodrigues, J. R. ; Saleem, K. S. ; Al-Muhtadi, J. M. ; Kumar, N. K. ; Korotaev, V.

Computers and Electrical Engineering Vol. 67, Nº -, pp. 58 - 69, April, 2018.

ISSN (print): 0045-7906
ISSN (online):

Scimago Journal Ranking: 0,44 (in 2018)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1016/j.compeleceng.2018.02.047

The Internet-of-Things (IoT) represents the next groundbreaking change in information and communication technology (ICT) after the Internet. IoT is concerned with making everything connected and accessible through the Internet. However, IoT objects (things) are characterized by constrained computing and storage resources. Therefore, the Cloud of Things (CoT) paradigm that integrates the Cloud with IoT is proposed to meet the IoT requirements. In CoT, the IoT capabilities (e.g., sensing) are provisioned as services. Unfortunately, the two-tier CoT model is not efficient in the use cases sensitive to delays and energy consumption (e.g., in healthcare). Consequently, Fog Computing is proposed to support such IoT services and applications. This paper reviews the most relevant Fog-enabled CoT system models and proposes an energy-aware allocation strategy for placing application modules (tasks) on Fog devices. Finally, the performance of the proposed strategy is evaluated in comparison with the default allocation and Cloud-only policies, using the iFogSim simulator. The proposed solution was observed to be more energy-efficient, saving approximately 2.72% of the energy compared to Cloud-only and approximately 1.6% of the energy compared to the Fog-default.