FUZYE: A Fuzzy C-Means Analog IC Yield Optimization using Evolutionary-based Algorithms
Póvoa , R. P.
Martins, R. M.
; Carvalho, J.P.C
IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems Vol. n/a, Nº n/a, pp. 1 - 13, November, 2018.
ISSN (print): 0278-0070
ISSN (online): 0278-0070
Journal Impact Factor: 1,466 (in 2008)
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/TCAD.2018.2883978
This paper presents FUZYE, a methodology that reduces the time impact caused by Monte Carlo (MC) simulations in the context of analog integrated circuits (ICs) yield estimation, enabling it for yield optimization with population-based algorithms, e.g., the genetic algorithm (GA). MC analysis is the most general and reliable technique for yield estimation, yet the considerable amount of time it requires has discouraged its adoption in population-based optimization tools. The proposed methodology reduces the total number of MC simulations that are required, since, at each GA generation, the population is clustered using a fuzzy c-means (FCM) technique, and, only the representative individual (RI) from each cluster is subject to MC simulations. This paper shows that the yield for the rest of the population can be estimated based on the membership degree of FCM and RIs yield values alone. This new method was applied on two real circuit-sizing optimization problems, and, the obtained results were compared to the exhaustive approach, where all individuals of the population are subject to MC analysis. The FCM approach presents a reduction of 89% in the total number of MC simulations when compared to the exhaustive MC analysis over the full population. Moreover, a k-means based clustering algorithm was also tested and compared with the proposed FUZYE, with the latest showing an improvement up to 13% in yield estimation accuracy.