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Daily Operation Optimization of a Hybrid Energy System Considering a Short-Term Electricity Price Forecast Scheme

Bento, P.M.R. ; Nunes, H.G.G. ; Pombo, J. ; Calado, M.R.A. ; Mariano, S.J.P.S.

Energies Vol. 12, Nº 5, pp. 924 - 924, March, 2019.

ISSN (print): 1996-1073
ISSN (online):

Journal Impact Factor: 2,077 (in )

Digital Object Identifier: 10.3390/en12050924

Abstract
The scenario where the renewable generation penetration is steadily on the rise in an increasingly atomized system, with much of the installed capacity “sitting” on a distribution level, is in clear contrast with the “old paradigm” of a natural oligopoly formed by vertical structures. Thereby, the fading of the classical producer–consumer division to a broader prosumer “concept” is fostered. This crucial transition will tackle environmental harms associated with conventional energy sources, especially in this age where a greater concern regarding sustainability and environmental protection exists. The “smoothness” of this transition from a reliable conventional generation mix to a more volatile and “parti-colored" one will be particularly challenging, given escalating electricity demands arising from transportation electrification and proliferation of demand-response mechanisms. In this foreseeable framework, proper Hybrid Energy Systems sizing, and operation strategies will be crucial to dictate the electric power system’s contribution to the “green” agenda. This paper presents an optimal power dispatch strategy for grid-connected/off-grid hybrid energy systems with storage capabilities. The Short-Term Price Forecast information as an important decision-making tool for market players will guide the cost side dispatch strategy, alongside with the storage availability. Different scenarios were examined to highlight the effectiveness of the proposed approach.