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Optimizing Probabilistic Constellation Shaping for Amplifier-Less Coherent Optical Links

Oliveira, B. M. ; Lorences-Riesgo, A. ; Guiomar, F. P. ; Medeiros, M. C. R. ; Monteiro, P.

Journal of Lightwave Technology Vol. 39, Nº 13, pp. 4318 - 4330, July, 2021.

ISSN (print): 0733-8724
ISSN (online):

Journal Impact Factor: 2,567 (in 2015)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/JLT.2021.3072547

Abstract
Coherent optical systems for short-reach links have seen a boost in their popularity with the standardization of 400ZR. These systems need to be cost and power-efficient, while coping with the ever increase in traffic demand. The use of probabilistic constellation shaping (PCS) can help meet these demands, since it reduces the gap to the channel capacity. However, studies concerning PCS typically include optical amplification; therefore, its gain in amplifier-less systems has been somewhat uncertain. In this work, we focus on an amplifier-less coherent optical link employing PCS, reducing both power consumption and system complexity due to the removal of the amplifier. We employ PCS for different modulation orders and bit rates, while optimizing several key parameters such as the FEC coding overhead, modulation depth and clipping. With this comprehensive study, we demonstrate by system simulation and experimental validation that PCS is beneficial even for amplifier-less systems, since it introduces residual gains while allowing higher flexibility in defining the net bit rate in a system with fixed baud rate.