Creating and sharing knowledge for telecommunications

Hypoglycaemia prediction models with auto explanation

Felizardo, V. ; Machado, D. ; Garcia, N. M. ; Pombo, N. ; Brandão, P.

IEEE Access Vol. na, Nº na, pp. 1 - 1, December, 2021.

ISSN (print): 2169-3536
ISSN (online):

Journal Impact Factor: (in )

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3117340

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Abstract
World-wide statistics show a considerable growth of the occurrence of different types of
Diabetes Mellitus, posing diverse challenges at many levels for public health policies. Some of these
challenges may be addressed by means of computerised systems which may pave the way to provide
practitioners with insight on their patient’s conditions anywhere and at anytime, but also to empower
Diabetes patients as managers of their health. These systems for disease management come in many
shapes and sizes, being the most promising trends the ones that involve expert systems that comprise
specialised knowledge, use predictive models, feature engineering and reasoning.
This study presents the state-of-the-art on reasoning and prediction models related with either blood
glucose level or hypoglycaemia events. The main findings revealed are that there is room for improvement
on predictive models, namely to enhance its accuracy and ability to forecast future events into a wider
time frame. On the other hand, reasoning models are understudied and its usage in Diabetes management
is reduced. We discuss an architecture that combines a predictive model and a reasoning system, with
the objective of alerting of impending occurrences and interpret the current situation to accurately advise
the diabetic user.