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Security Mechanisms of a Mobile Health Application for Promoting Physical Activity among Older Adults

Bastos, DB ; Ribeiro, J. ; Silva, F. ; Rabadão, CR ; Rodrigues, mjfr@ua.pt ; Fernández-Caballero, N. ; Barraca, J. P. ; Rocha, N.P.R. ; Pereira, A.

Sensors Vol. 21, Nº 21, pp. 7323 - 7323, November, 2021.

ISSN (print): 1424-3210
ISSN (online): 1424-8220

Scimago Journal Ranking: 0,80 (in 2021)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.3390/s21217323

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Abstract
Physical activity contributes to the maintenance of health conditions and functioning. However, the percentage of older adults who comply with the recommendations for physical activity levels is low when compared to the same percentages on younger groups. The SmartWalk system aims to encourage older adults to perform physical activity (i.e., walking in the city), which is monitored and adjusted by healthcare providers for best results. The study reported in this article focused on the implementation of SmartWalk security services to keep personal data safe during communications and while at rest, which were validated considering a comprehensive use case. The security framework offers various mechanisms, including an authentication system that was designed to complement the pairs of usernames and passwords with trusted execution environments and token-based features, authorization with different access levels, symmetric and asymmetric key cryptography, critical transactions review, and logging supported by blockchain technology. The resulting implementation contributes for a common understanding of the security features of trustful smart cities’ applications, which conforms with existing legislation and regulations