Performance of Lens Antennas in Wireless Indoor Millimeter-Wave Applications
Fernandes, C. A.
IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques Vol. 47, Nº 6, Part 1, pp. 732 - 737, June, 1999.
ISSN (print): 0018-9480
Scimago Journal Ranking: 1,68 (in 1999)
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Dielectric lens antennas can be designed to produce highly shaped beams that significantly improve the system performance in emerging wireless indoor millimeter wave systems. A lens configuration is analyzed in this paper that produces a circularly symmetric cell with uniform spatial power distribution, with fairly sharp boundaries and scaleable cell radius. The last characteristic is used to control the reflections at side walls. A hemispherical coverage lens antenna is designed for the mobile terminal to ensure relatively free movement. The impact of these antennas is analyzed in terms of cell coverage and channel time dispersion, considering the effect of cell radius scaling, and mobile terminal antenna tilting. Measurements and simulations
show that the proposed lens antennas outperform common solutions based on pyramidal horns or biconics.