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Performance Assessment of Fragmentation Mechanisms for Vehicular Delay-Tolerant Networks

Dias, João A. F. F. Dias ; Rodrigues, J. R. ; Isento, J. I. ; Pereira, P. P. ; Lloret, J. L.

Eurasip Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking Vol. 2011, Nº 195, pp. 1 - 14, December, 2011.

ISSN (print): 1687-1499
ISSN (online): 1687-1472

Scimago Journal Ranking: 0,48 (in 2011)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1186/1687-1499-2011-195

Vehicular Delay-Tolerant Networks (VDTNs) are a new approach for vehicular communications where vehicles cooperate with each other, acting as the communication infrastructure, to provide low-cost asynchronous opportunistic communications. These communication technologies assume variable delays and bandwidth constraints characterized by a non-transmission control protocol/internet protocol architecture but interacting with it at the edge of the network. VDTNs are based on the principle of asynchronous communications, bundle-oriented communication from the DTN architecture, employing a store-carry-and-forward routing paradigm. In this sense, VDTNs should use the tight network resources optimizing each opportunistic contact among nodes. Given the limited contact times among nodes, fragmentation appears as a possible solution to improve the overall network performance, increasing the bundle delivery probability. This article proposes the use of several fragmentation approaches (proactive, source, reactive, and toilet paper) for VDTNs. They are discussed and evaluated through a laboratory testbed. Reactive and toilet paper approaches present the best results. It was also shown that only the source fragmentation approach presents worst results when compared with non-fragmentation approaches.