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A Review of Antennas for Indoor Positioning Systems

Brás, L. ; Carvalho, N.B.C. ; Pinho, P. ; Kulas, L. K. ; Nyka, K. N.

International Journal of Antennas and Propagation Vol. 2012, Nº 953269, pp. 1 - 14, October, 2012.

ISSN (print): 1687-5877
ISSN (online): 1687-5869

Journal Impact Factor: 0,660 (in 2014)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1155/2012/953269

Abstract
This paper provides a review of antennas applied for indoor positioning or localization systems. The desired requirements of those antennas when integrated on anchor nodes (reference nodes) are discussed, according to different localization techniques and their performance. The described antennas will be sub-divided into sections according to the nature of measurements as: received signal strength (RSS), time of flight (ToF) and direction of arrival (DoA). This paper intends to provide a useful guide for antenna designers who are interested developing suitable antennas for indoor localization systems.