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Denial of Service Mitigation Approach for IPv6-enabled Smart Object Networks

Oliveira, L. ; Rodrigues, J. R. ; Sousa, A. F. ; Lloret, J. L.

Concurrency and Computation: Practice and Experience Vol. 25, Nº 1, pp. 129 - 142, January, 2013.

ISSN (print):
ISSN (online): 1532-0626

Journal Impact Factor: 0,997 (in 2014)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1002/cpe.2850

Denial of service (DoS) attacks can be defined as any third-party action aiming to reduce or eliminate a network's capability to perform its expected functions. Although there are several standard techniques in traditional computing that mitigate the impact of some of the most common DoS attacks, this still remains a very important open problem to the network security community. DoS attacks are even more troublesome in smart object networks because of two main reasons. First, these devices cannot support the computational overhead required to implement many of the typical counterattack strategies. Second, low traffic rates are enough to drain sensors' battery energy making the network inoperable in short times. To realize the Internet of Things vision, it is necessary to integrate the smart objects into the Internet. This integration is considered an exceptional opportunity for Internet growth but, also, a security threat, because more attacks, including DoS, can be conducted. For these reasons, the prevention of DoS attacks is considered a hot topic in the wireless sensor networks scientific community. In this paper, an approach based on 6LowPAN neighbor discovery protocol is proposed to mitigate DoS attacks initiated from the Internet, without adding additional overhead on the 6LoWPAN sensor devices.