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Parametric Blur Estimation for Blind Restoration of Natural Images: Linear Motion and Out-of-Focus

Oliveira, J. ; Figueiredo, M. A. T. ; Bioucas-Dias, J.

IEEE Transactions on Image Processing Vol. 23, Nº 1, pp. 466 - 477, January, 2014.

ISSN (print): 1057-7149
ISSN (online):

Journal Impact Factor: 3,315 (in 2008)

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/TIP.2013.2286328

This paper presents a new method to estimate the parameters of two types of blurs, linear uniform motion (approximated by a line characterized by angle and length) and out-of-focus (modeled as a uniform disk characterized by its radius), for blind restoration of natural images. The method is based on the spectrum of the blurred images and is supported on a weak assumption, which is valid for the most natural images: the power-spectrum is approximately isotropic and has a power-law decay with the spatial frequency. We introduce two modifications to the radon transform, which allow the identification of the blur spectrum pattern of the two types of blurs above mentioned. The blur parameters are identified by fitting an appropriate function that accounts separately for the natural image spectrum and the blur frequency response. The accuracy of the proposed method is validated by simulations, and the effectiveness of the proposed method is assessed by testing the algorithm on real natural blurred images and comparing it with state-of-the-art blind deconvolution methods.